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IVAN PAVLOV CONDICIONAMIENTO CLASICO PDF
Discussion In general, the second experiment shows that “correct” answers, to letter string problems, significantly decreases after subjects have been reinforced for producing different correct answers. Previously, the experimental group had received a problem that required the application of the same procedure as the test problem but within a different context.
In order to facilitate the identification of the different experimental and control conditions, each graph is identified by the same number that was assigned to the condition in Table 1. This additional finding is in condicionamienho agreement with behavioral momentum studies, where a frequently reinforced response shows greater persistence than a response that has only been infrequently reinforced Bouzas, ; Nevin, The Figure shows that response times decreased in both experimental and control conditions.
Response strength in multiple schedules. Subjects that agreed to participate were randomly assigned to olerante of the groups and the application proceeded as was previously described.
Experiment 2 The first study, suggests that the experimental procedures employed in the first study may considerably enhance the successful condicionmaiento of opperante string problems; additionally, the results suggest that the punishment of “correct” answers considerably hinders the solution of these same problems.
A total of 15 participants solved booklet one; booklet two was also solved by 15 participants; booklet three was solved by eleven participants and the last booklet was solved by 16 participants. Control groups numbers 3, 4 and 5 random reinforcement, inverse reinforcement and no preliminary example show heterogeneous results, with some subjects increasing the number of “correct” answers in a linear fashion and others showing small or no increase.
This assertion is further supported by the results of the second experiment that showed that a typical operant phenomenon, produced opeerante rodents, and a lever pressing casico occurs in human subjects producing letter string problem answers. Subjects also solved the problems in different order. Table 3 shows the groups in the first columns; the regression equation is shown on the third column and the statistical significance of the slope is shown on the fourth column.
Specifically, subjects were reinforced to produce a particular answer during 12 consecutive problems; when presented with the thirteenth problem, subjects were reinforced for producing a different answer.
El condicionamiento operante de la solución de problemas de secuencias de letras
This finding alone, suggests practice could play an important part in solving letter string problems and possibly other problems tooand thus a parametric extension in the manipulation of this independent variable could be scientifically relevant. Delete comment or cancel. Practice had important effects in the first experimental group, where subjects significantly increased the probability of producing a correct answer clasco they progressed through the problems.
In all graphs, the “X” axis shows consecutive problems; the “Y” axis shows cumulative success. The first study, suggests that the experimental procedures employed in the first study may considerably enhance the successful solution of letter string problems; additionally, the results suggest that the punishment of “correct” answers considerably hinders the solution of these same problems.
Stand out and be remembered with Prezi, the secret weapon of great presenters. Each graph shows in the “y” axis the number of correct answers; the “x” axis shows consecutive problems.
Cancel Reply 0 characters used from the allowed. It was hypothesized that, should behavioral momentum occur, subjects would persist in the production of the obsolete answer. Condiiconamiento efecto de las similitudes superficiales y del tipo de problema. The condicionamienti control condition was identical to the second experimental condition with the exception that the subjects received no feedback for their responses.
The average probability of emitting a correct response was used as dependent variable. Figure three shows cumulative success for each subject in each experimental condition.
Si decidimos utilizar un procedimiento de marcado, debemos indicar marcar la respuesta que queremos que aumente en frecuencia de manera inmediata y, posteriormente, entregar el reforzador o consecuente, recordando la conducta marcada.
Aprendizaje, Condicionamiento Clásico y Operante by Samuel Sandoval on Prezi
Send the link below via email or IM Copy. Using letter string problems, Burns found clear evidence of analogical transfer; given his success, other scientists have used this procedure to explore the phenomenon. Subjects received the letter string problems in printed white booklets.
Junio 11, Revisado: Para su estudio se utilizan los programas concurrentes encadenados. Do you really want to delete this prezi?
In the experimental conditions subjects were presented by the experimenter with an example of how letter string problems are solved.
As such the learning research produced during the last hundred years should not be put aside. These scientists used as test problem Duncker’s radiation problem see Duncker, Creating downloadable prezi, be patient. Due to the fact that all other control groups used the same problems developed for the second experimental group, it is possible that the problems selected for the experiment where relatively “easy” problems, and thus the learning process was to brief to be captured by the dependent variables.
The first control condition was identical to the second experimental group, with the exception that subjects received random reinforcement. En otras palabras, la recompensa aumenta las respuestas, mientras que el castigo las elimina. Effects of principle explanation and superficial similarity poerante analogical mapping in problem solving.